What is Gingivitis?

Posted by: Charlie Burrows

We all know that bad breath is caused by poor oral health but with gum disease, it can trigger further issues which can harm your overall health. Just one result of poor oral health can be Gingivitis.

Gingivitis is more common than people think and in turn, this can lead to periodontitis. It can cause inflammation of the gums and usually results from bacteria and a build-up of plaque.


Signs of Gingivitis

There are key signs to watch out for that gingivitis has taken hold, including:

  • Red and puffy gums
  • Bleeding gums
  • Halitosis (bad breath)
  • Receding gums
  • Tender gums
  • Swollen and inflammed gums

Symptoms can be mild and unchecked sometimes but it’s important to recognise when a change occurs in the mouth, however small.


Types of Gingivitis

There are two types of Gingivitis; Dental plaque-induced gingival disease which is caused by plaque and malnutrition and non-plaque induced gingival lesions, which can be caused by a virus or fungus. Genetics can be a factor also as well as allergic reactions or wounds. They are severe forms of gingival disease and can make it very uncomfortable in social situations, as well as causing future problems with your dental health.



There are quite a few risk factors and causes of gingival disease and these include:

  • Drugs
  • Smoking
  • Age
  • Poor diet
  • Health conditions
  • Changes in Hormones


Certain drugs can reduce saliva flow and this can impact oral health. Other medication can also result in health complications which can have abnormal effects on dental health.

We know that changes in hormones have effects on us from a young age whether it be through puberty, menopause or pregnancy. However, they can definitely affect sensitivity and result in inflammation. Smoking and poor diet are contributing factors to a lot of health concerns but they can also be a main factor with Gingivitis.

Ultimately, oral health is affected by many things and whether it’s periodontal disease, gum disease or tooth decay, or gingival disease, it’s vital to ensure you maintain a good level of oral hygiene. Those patients who adopt good habits, regular brushing, using mouthwash and interdental brushing, as well as regular check-ups, will find they’ll have a happier, healthier mouth.

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